animals and fungus

In the early 80s soon after the public took notice of the circles for the first time two voices came up and until today make them-selves heard.

One (of course) spoke of extraterrestrians the other (of course) of a man-made joke, a bet made in a pub. At that time well thought out theories were few. Nevertheless we'll quote of them because it has a certain charm and thus should not be lost among many serious theories: Crop circles are made by copulating hedgehogs. During the orgiastic act they'd move in circles and thus trample down the crops.

When the first circles with rings showed up ... the theory was refined

The rings are made by other hedgehogs - 'the public'- that watch the main actors from a discreet distance and, inspired and in ecstacy, follow their circuit. Variations of this theory speak of other protagonists like rabbits or birds. In the course of the years, however, this explanation showed more and more gaps and (unfortunately) disappeared as signs and pictograms grew more complex.

Many sceptics point to a virus or fungus on the grain. This infection hinders the growth of the corn or leads to deformities.

Grain infected with this virus or fungus will grow bent or lies down accidentally. Rings, however, that show up on grass or regularly mowed lawn have nothing in common with the crop circles. They are caused by a parasitary fungus known as Marasmus ordeades or Clitocybe gigantea. These fungusses cause the grass to grow in rings that are darker in colour and therefore distinctly differ from the surroundings within and outside the ring. The ring often remains for years and constantly extends its size. Cropcircles are a completely different phenomenon because on grain a fungus won't lead to the well-known spiral bends in the formations. It is more likely that the ears would soften and break like mikado sticks. More complex pictograms would be impossible. And so the hardest sceptics don't take this into consideration. In their opinion a natural cause - fungus - brought up simple forms 'circlesor rings' and provoked a competition among landscape artists who tried to outdo one another, by which naive researches were taken in or even knowingly played the game. A rather bizarre view, marked by a great deal of arrogance and ignorance - or yet more likely paranoia and conspiracy theory?


the ionized plasma vortex

After 11 years of study dr. george terence meaden defined the ionized plasma vortex theory.

The hypothesis is, that there exists an energetic vortex unknown until then, an enormous spiral- or ring-formed power which influences the corn field by its unexpected electro-magnetical characteristics.
Among the scientists with who Dr. Meaden worked on this theory were many meteorologists and physicists who soon came up with the insight that the existence of the circles didn't interfere with any physical laws.
According to this theory the circles are caused by the sinking down of an energetic vortex from the atmosphere. A vortex so ionized that it should be seen as a form of cold plasma of low density which causes a strong electromagnetical field. Meaden is of the opinion that these vortexes are structured turbulances in the lower atmosphere set into movement by winds which pass by topographic obstacles. Frequent sightings of circles near hillsides lead to this theory, and circles in low regions were explained by the fact that hills even at a distance of several kilometers were still under the influence of circle causing vortexes.

The lee sided vortex can have a certain duration before the collaps

A major prerequisition for the building up of a vortex seems to be a quiet air mass with good, stable layers which even at the presence of a continuing weak current remains stable in itself. Then another air mass comes near, a small front with a clear borderline and moving at higher speed. Normally this ridge comes from another direction and has different thermo-hygrometrical-electrical and spraying characteristics. While the speed of the wind increases at the lee side of critically protruding obstacles (round hills and peaks of steep banks) vortex hoses build up. In the last moment the system collapses, throws down a vortex and causes a circle-formed effect. The lee-side vortex can have a certain duration - up to several minutes- but the collapse, however, effectuates very quickly.

Dust particles water steam and a strong magnetic field

The energy within this enormous vortex develops from the concentration of the energy of the arriving air masses in the minimal volumina of the developing vortex hose. It's torgue - together with dust particles or water steam-is most likely the major cause of rotating electrical charges and the strong magnetic field. Then, depending of the distribution of these charges within the vortex, in corn and ground, the vortex plunges down or rather softly sinks on the corn. Sometimes there seems to be a repulsion so that the corn is not or just slightly touched. In rings only hard to discern only the ears are bent.

At the end of the 80s widely accepted

This explanation for the existence of the cropcircles Dr. Meaden came up with in the late 80s was widely accepted among scientists. But there were quite a lot of sceptics, too, because Dr. Meaden extended or changed his theory after the apparition of new patterns, and at last turned down everything that couldn't be explained by his theory as man-made. In the course of time and with the growing complexity of the circle signs the plasma-vortex definitely seemed to disappear. And even Dr. Meaden dissociated from his former research.

Yet - similar to the 'hedgehog and fungus theories' mentioned before today the plasma vortex is taken again into consideration. The inconceivability of today's patterns inducesmany a sceptic to divide cropcircle in two groups: on the one hand a natural or original phenomenon (circles and rings) and on the other hand in man-made humbug inspired thereby.


earth energies

The earth's energetic vibrations

From the beginning there were supporters of the theory that crop circles sprang from energetic vibrations coming from within the earth. Diviners are convinced that the whole crust of the earth is covered with a fine net of energy lines at whose intersections powers build up which cause the development of crop circles. These energy lines branch out or bundle in certain points and thus form a net of nerves of our planet. Many realists reject divining or using a pendulum as esoteric nonsense although it has been used for ages to find water adders, lost objects, hidden information - or energy lines. It is a mysterious art which makes use of many objects like copper wires, pendulums, switches or simple branches. According to many diviners the cropcircles often appear at locations where these energy lines cross, bundle or are extremely manifest.

Past cultures felt these energy lines intuitively, so diviners, and placed their centres of cult worship accordingly. Today a scientific prove for the existence of such energy lines is not possible yet but nevertheless the theory must not necessarily be put in the land of phantasy.

Stop smoking or acupuncture as a healing method

Far east cultures accept the existence of energy lines and Feng Shui which in our culture, too, grows in influence and focusses on taking into account these lines in the construction of buildings and placing furniture in a room in order not to interfere with the natural flow of energy of a place or within a room. Well-known healing methodes in asian cultures - like acupuncture or acupressure - which focus on different chakra centres, i. e. energy knots, are similar and related to these energy lines of the earth.


morphogenetic fields

The awareness of all things

To put it simply: all things have an awareness. According to this theory crop circles could be a transmission of information, a special form of awareness by morphic resonance in which different realities coincide - our threedimensional reality and other four-, five-, sixdimensional realities. Existing structures could be emotionally loaded; caused by rituals, archetypical symbols (which seems logical near places of cult worship) these morphogenetic fields could be stored and at a certain point be reactivated or retrieved.

Could the fields have memorized?

According to this theory the century-old village oak for example would have not only an awareness but also a huge memory chip. In the course of centuries this oak could have memorized the talk of the elders sitting around its trunk and holding their discussions, and at some point it could release the contents again. A similar thing could have happened with the corn fields: Could not the field itself have memorized the cultic dances of the druids and now 'broadcast' the patterns of their dances?

Was stonehenge built on a crop circle site?

This theory stands within the context of the question, why the circles often show up very close to neolithic places of cult worship. Stonehenge and many tumuli withstood the tooth of time only by chance. In the centuries past the cultural value of these places of worship often was neglected and the monument abused as quarries. The stones were moved and chipped to use them to build houses. There were many more such monuments than the ones visible today, and surely a lot of them hasn't even been found. So why - according to the theory of morphogenetic fields - shouldn't there have been other cultic places near the stone circles known today which are now reproduced by the fields in question?

The duplicity also leads to the question: What was first? Did at first the circles appear and then the monuments were erected or vice versa? To many people the similarity between the old stone settings and the crop circles of today is obvious so that they argue, there must have been circles even since pre-history. They believe, druids of the past had identified the circles as signs from the gods and that they had erected places of worship where the circles appeared. Logically in circle formations, too, because the gods had shown them. The dances and community rites held around these places of worship were memorized by the fields and - this is the reason for today's cropcircles today.


orgon energy

The energy of all life

A theory discussed is the theory of orgon energy by Dr. Wilhelm Reich protege of Sigmund Freud. To some people this theory, developed long before the appearance of today's cropcircles, seems apt to explain the existence of geometric signs in corn fields. The orgon energy which Dr. Reich also called life energy comes from the light of the sun, in fact from the corona, and thus is evident in the whole atmosphere of the earth in different quality and concentration.

Depending on sun spots in the 80ies?

Supporters of the orgon energy interpret the growing activity of crop circles as the result of a growing sun-spot activity in the 80ies (as well as
the weakening of the ozone layer which is responsible that a higher concentration of energy reaches the lower atmosphere and the surface of the earth). Orgon energy is absorbed and stored by organic substances until a degree of saturation is reached. Anorganic substances, however, repel it at once.

Accumulation points in the earth

Some researchers therefore interpret the conincidence of the circles with prehistoric constructions (e. g., tombs) as some sort of accumulation or-in other words - these monuments act as condensators of the orgon energy.
The coincidence of such tombs with the energy lines of the earth mentioned already seems to be logical thanks to the formerly present ability of man to find these energy lines and to build monuments at those places. An accumulator which has reached its saturation will start to set free a surplus of energy. In the dark this will be visible as a shine which would explain the often noted lighting phenomena close to such tombs. Perhaps an indication why the phenomenon appears for years in the very same fields.
Orgon energy might also explain why in some years the circles take their
time whereas in others numerous circles are seen in early May already.
Prehistoric monuments, the accumulators, need orgon energy to get loaded which takes longer when the spring wheather is bad. According to Dr. Reich orgon energy could be responsible for earth magnetic and gravitation fields and that again could explain electromagnetical variations where compass needles are deflected or where malfunctions of cameras or magnetic tapes were recorded.

Dr. Reich furthermore pointed out the healing powers of the orgon energy which again corresponds to certain reports about people that noticed a well-being when entering a crop circle.


quantum fields

There is no spoon

Another approach to explain the cropcircles worth quoting is the sixdimensional quantum field theory according to Burkhard Heim. According to this we live in a (at least) sixdimensional universe. The first three dimensions are the measurable and known spatial dimensions height, width and depth. In addition there is time as the fourth (and ficticious) dimension.
Following the relativity theory time is a ficticious tool to measure the different stages of an event. Added to this fourdimensional view of the world we know are 2 other dimensions, fictional as is time. The fifth dimension is the so-called entelechial dimension of the world, it is-simply put-the sum of all possibilities. And the sixth or aeonic dimension is the real version of reality referring to the sum of all possibilities.

A short explanation

A thought as such can be measured physically. By measuring the electric
currents in the brain (EEG) it is possible to prove that a person experiences an emotional eruption-for example when dreaming. The content of the thought can't be measured, only the chemical reactions can be proved. But nevertheless the thoughts are real and everybody will know what he thought when he thought. In a certain way the thought is real even though it is an individual and subjective experience. The theory supposes that this thought could exist in reality-as it is for the individual person.
This means if the fourth dimension, time, is ficticious but neverthe-less real, a thought, too, can be real. Time for this thought, however, plays no role. Neither does space. This is obvious because everybody has experienced being out of time and space, far away from the rules of physics-in a dream.
And the next morning the dream often remains conscious. So according to this theory there are is a wide range of possibilities which could co-exist independent of any border and all of them could be equally real. This is where the aeonic dimension comes into play which is the dimension where what is thought of becomes real.

Many different dimensions

Just imagine a film strip which in its sequence of pictures shows motion. The entelechial dimension would be a multitude of film strips with ever different motion sequences. These film strips could be different from each other but they could have similarities as well. Connecting the respective pictures of the films by a red line-not necessarily in a linear way and on the same level- you get the aeonic dimension, reality. But using a pen of a different colour a second motion sequence could appear.

This means: There are as many aeonic dimensions of the world as there are entelechial ones. Thoughts are free. Because of large fluctuations of energy within the different dimensions, possibly in parallel dimensions, too, a shorttime transfer of energy between the dimensions could take place and leave effects on the other dimension. This theory could explain almost every paranormal phenomenon. The most common phenomenon, often interpreted as 'coincidence', is knowing who is on the phone before picking it up, the many reports of mothers who felt in the very second that their son was wounded or had died in the war although they were thousands of miles away.
Stigmata as well could be thus explained, religious apparitions (e. g. in Fatima) or an alleged success at a seance where the spirits of the deceased are conjured up and eventually became manifest. In the light of this theory the UFO-phenomenon should be reconsidered, as well as that of the crop circles.



animals or fungus

ionized plasma

earth energies

morphogenetic fields

orgon energy

quantum fields